XIII Belarusian International Media Forum “Partnership for the Future: A Digital Agenda for the Media Sphere” Plenary Session
Professor, Doctor of Political Sciences, Head of the Information Spetsnaz Association
PANARIN IGOR NIKOLAEVICH
Hybrid war — what is it ?
- Hybrid war is a combination of military-political, political-diplomatic, financial-economic, information-psychological and information-technical methods , as well as technologies for color revolutions, terrorism and extremism, special services, special forces, special operations and public structures diplomacy, carried out under a single plan by state authorities, military-political blocs or TNCs.
- The aims of the hybrid war are the complete or partial disintegration of the state, a qualitative change in its internal or foreign policy, the replacement of state leadership by loyal regimes, the establishment of external ideological and financial-economic control over the country, its chaos and subordination to dictate by other states or TNCs.
Hybrid Warfare Technologies
- 1.Terrorism — 54% (from the project “GLADIO” to IGIL).
- 2. Extremism — 54%.
- ” White Helmets” -British misinformers in Syria
- 4.Information-psychological pressure — 67.5% ( Mi-6 = Skripal).
- 5. Military-political pressure — 72%.
- 6.Financial and economic pressure — 67.5% (sanctions)
- 7. Hacker attacks -63%.
- 8. Violation of the functioning of critical infrastructure-40.5%.
- 9. “Color revolutions” — 72%.
- FB: Bulk-2011 (82% -Both), Mustafa Nayem 2013 -100%
- 10. Illegal and illegal migration — 36%.
- 11. Narcotrafic-40.5%.
- 12. Use of Social Networks — 63%.
Operation of British intelligence MI6 “SCRIPAL”: Creating a global disinformation environment
- Virtual Poisoning S. Skripal — an incident that occurred on March 4, 2018 . in Salisbury (Great Britain) with a traitor and his 33-year-old daughter Julia, a Russian citizen who came from Moscow to visit her father.
- March 14, 2018 . Theresa May officially accused Russia of trying to kill Skripal and his daughter. May announced that in response to the poisoning, bilateral contacts with Russia will be suspended at a high level and that 23 Russian diplomats will be expelled from Great Britain
- On March 15, leaders of the United States, Britain, France and Germany issued a joint statement condemning the poisoning of Skripal and his daughter and accusing Moscow of organizing a chemical attack. In the statement, the attack was called “an encroachment on British sovereignty” and “a clear violation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and international law”.
- On March 16, the Investigative Committee of Russia opened a criminal case under Article 105.2 clause “e” of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (attempted murder in a generally dangerous manner) in connection with the attempted murder of a Russian citizen Yulia Skripal
- March 21 — briefing for foreign ambassadors on the situation with Skripal — was superbly led by the Director of the Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia Vladimir Ermakov
- April 3 - Head of the British laboratory “Porton Down” G. Eytkenhead said that he can not confirm that the nerve gas that was poisoned by Skripal and his daughter was produced in Russia. As he concluded, the laboratory did not determine its origin, but provided scientific information to the British government, which then used a number of other sources to draw conclusions.
- April 4 — SVR head S. Naryshkin at the ISIS-2018 announced the provocation of the British special services (ambassador 2 Apr)
- September 5 — A new stage of the Strategic anti-Russian British Hybrid War operation. Two Russians suspected of attempting the Violins are members of the GRU. With such a statement, absolutely unproven, the British Prime Minister Theresa May made a speech.
Theory of Information Confrontation
(doctoral thesis of Professor Igor Panarin on May 7, 1997)
- Two types of information confrontation (struggle):
- 1. information and technical
- At the information and technical confrontation, the main objects of influence and protection are information and technical systems (data transmission systems (SPD), information security systems (SIS), etc.
- At information-psychological confrontation the main objects of influence and protection are:
- 1. political psychology and the population of opposing sides;
- 2. system of formation of public consciousness
- 3.System of formation of public opinion,
- 4 Decision making system.
- Information confrontation includes three components.
- The first is Strategic analysis.
- The second is the Information Impact.
- The third is the Information Counteraction.
Social media — the alignment of forces
The total domination of the West (data as of August 26, 2018)
- FB 1.Gasdep USA — 1 893 811 subscribers of the Russian Federation / USA — 1 to 6
- 2.MID of Russia — 371 814
- 3.MID UK — 224 723
- 4.MID of Belarus — 2 239
- TWITTER 1.Goldep USA — 5. 08 million subscribers of the Russian Federation / USA — 1 to 5
- 2.MID United Kingdom — 874 thousand.
- 3.MID of Russia — 1.19 million.
- 4.MID of Belarus — 11,7 thousand.
- TITTER of global media RF / US — 1 to 21
- 1. CNN (hot news) — 54.1 million
- 2.VVS — (hot news) — 38.1 million
- 3. RT - 2 , 66 million (in English)
- RF Ministry of Defense / USA — Twitter 1 to 32 ( 174 thousand and 5.7 million) , FB — 1 to 7.6
Russia’s only breakthrough
- Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / USA — 2/1
- US - subscribers of 76 thousand
- Russia — 130 thousand subscribers
- Number of views of Russia / USA — 10/1
- Russia — 140 million
- United States -14 million
- Russia — the largest views of commercials
- 2015 — Massed impact with high-precision weapons on the objects of IGIL in Syria from the water area of the Caspian Sea — 7.1 million
- 2015 Air strikes against the objects of the terrorist group IGIL — 5.2 million
- 2015 Massed attack by long-range aviation aircraft on infrastructure facilities of IGIL in Syria — 4 million • 2015 — Group launch of cruise missiles Caliber by Rostov-on-Don submarine on targets of terrorists in Syria — 3.7 million
The total influence of the West in Russian social media (Medialogiya prepared the rating of the most cited media for 2017).
Top 8 most cited radio stations in social media
№ Radio station - Hyperlinks in social media
1 Radio Liberty ( svoboda.org) — 4,936,252
2 Echo of Moscow (echo.msk.ru) — 2 039 733
3 Voice of America # Russian service (golos-ameriki.ru) — 794 769
4 Business FM (bfm.ru) — 328 014
5 Says Moscow (govoritmoskva.ru) — 309,493
6 Kommersant-FM (kommersant.ru/fm) — 219 147
7 Vesti FM (radiovesti.ru) - 51 483
8 Radio 1 ( radio1.news) - 25,191
Strong influence of the West in Russian social media (Medialogiya prepared the rating of the most cited media for 2017)
Top 8 most cited Internet resources in social media
№ Internet resource - Hyperlinks in social media
1 Meduza.io (Riga, Latvia) - 6,975,272
2 Rbc.ru — 5,870,500
3 Lenta.ru — 4 393 217
4 Life.ru - 3 681 338
5 Gazeta.ru — 3 326 125
6 Bbc.com/russian (United Kingdom) - 2,998,364
7 Znak.com — 2 653 906
8 Navalny.com — 2 412 732
MEDUSA — NATO’s shock information tool in social media
- Created on October 20, 2014 . in Riga, a month and a half after the creation in Riga of NATO’s Strategic Communications Center. The work of the Center involves 7 NATO countries — Estonia, Latvia, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Great Britain.
- FB — 334 thousand subscribers
- VK — 557 thousand subscribers
- Twitter — 1.18 million
- According to Medialogy, following the results of 2017, MEDUSA is the most quoted online publication in Russian social media. • Hypothesis = MEDUSA is an analog of the special intelligence unit of British intelligence MI6 “White Helmets” operating in Syria and prepared several information provocations related to the alleged use of chemical weapons.
Who opposes Medusa, Radio Liberty, Voice of America
- RT (Russian version of the site)
- FB -1 276 thousand subscribers
- Twitter — 873 thousand subscribers (in Russian)
- VK — 1 207 thousand subscribers
- RIA NEWS
- FB -1 646 thousand subscribers (TASS — 531 thousand, Interfax-19)
- Twitter — 2 890 thousand subscribers (TASS — 436 thousand, Interfax-532)
- VK — 1 207 thousand subscribers (TASS — 602 thousand, Interfax -35)
- Radio “SATELLITE”
- FB — 68 thousand subscribers Voice of America Russian service 586 thousand.
- Twitter — 4,5 thousand subscribers Voice of America Russian service 191 thousand.
- VK — 49 thousand subscribers of VC — 19 thousand.
- BUT === ECHO OF MOSCOW
- FB — 284 thousand subscribers
- Twitter — 1 250 thousand subscribers
- VK — 130 thousand subscribers
The experience of China: “The Golden Shield”, it is the “Great Chinese Firewall”
- The Golden Shield project is an Internet filtering system that blocks access to resources banned by the Communist Party from the external Internet. Throughout the world, the “Golden Shield” is also known as the “Great Chinese Firewall” (The Great Firewall of China). Censorship does not apply to the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. The project was developed in 1998 (Shen Wei Guang), and in 2003 it was put into operation throughout the country. The project includes such subsystems as a security management system (治安 管理 信息 系统), an information system on offenses (刑事 案件 信息 系统), an output and input control system (出入境 管理 信息 系统), an information monitoring system (监管 员 信息 系统), Traffic Management System (交通 管理 信息 系统).
- Chinese Internet censorship is not as simple as it seems at first glance. Analysis of content filtering in social networks has shown that its goal is not total eradication of any political or public criticism, but prevention of its growth into political speech or movement, including virtual one. The Golden Shield uses the following filtering methods:
- IP Blocking
- Filtering DNS requests and redirecting them
- Blocking Internet addresses ( URLs )
- Filtering in the Packet Forwarding Phase
- Blocking of VPN connections
Goals and objectives of the Information Spetsnaz Association
- 1.Association “Information Spetsnaz” is designed to develop activities and information policy strategy in the interests of realizing the goals of the UN, establishing business contacts, exchanging information, conducting expert and situational analysis.
- The goals of the UN , as enshrined in its Charter, are the maintenance of international peace and security, the prevention and elimination of threats to peace and the suppression of acts of aggression, the settlement or settlement by international means of peaceful settlement of international disputes, the development of friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples; international cooperation in economic, social, cultural and humanitarian fields, the promotion and development of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.
- Main goals
- A). Counteraction to the use of information technologies for propaganda of the ideology of terrorism,
- B). Neutralization of information and psychological impact aimed at eroding traditional spiritual and moral values,
- FROM). Increasing the effectiveness of prevention of offenses committed using information technology, and counteracting such violations,
- E). Effective counteraction to the use of information technologies for military and political purposes that are contrary to international law
Information Charter of the United Nations
Project of the Association “Information Spetsnaz”
- Considering the importance of the information space for the realization of the goals of the United Nations (hereinafter referred to as the UN), taking into account the resolution of the UN General Assembly A / RES / 65/41 of December 8, 2010, “Advances in the field of information and communications in the context of international security” Have agreed as follows:
- • 1.The purpose of this Charter is to counteract the use of information technologies for the violation of international peace and security, the creation of an international information space that is characterized by peace, cooperation and harmony.
- 2. As the main threats in the international information space, leading to the violation of international peace and security, the following are considered:
- 1) use of information technologies and means for carrying out hostile acts and acts of aggression, including using global media and social media;
- 2) actions in the international information space with the aim of undermining the military-political, financial-economic and social systems of another state, external negative information-psychological impact on the population, including using global media and social media;
- 3) use of the international information space by state and non-state structures, organizations, groups and individuals for terrorist and other criminal purposes;
- 4) the cross-border distribution of misinformation and so-called “fake” information, which is contrary to the principles and norms of international law, as well as national laws of the states;
- 5) use of global media and social media to disseminate information that incites interethnic, interracial and sectarian enmity, materials, images or any other representation of ideas or theories that promote, incite or incite to hatred, discrimination or violence against any person or group of individuals, if, as a pretext, factors based on race, skin color, national or ethnic origin, and religion are used for this;
- 6) manipulation of information flows in the information space of other states, disinformation and concealment of information with the purpose of distorting the psychological and spiritual environment of society, the erosion of traditional cultural, spiritual, moral, ethical and aesthetic values.
- 3.Activity of each UN member state and global media in the international information space should be based on five basic principles:
- 1. Dialogue of civilizations.
- 2. The work of peoples.
- 3.Good things.
- 4. Spiritual sovereignty.
- 5.Dostoinstvo personality and people.
- 4. States Parties to the United Nations resolve conflicts in the international information space, primarily through negotiation, or other peaceful means of their choice in such a way that international peace and security are not endangered.
- 5. In order to counteract the use of the international information space for terrorist purposes, the UN member states:
- 1) take measures to counteract the use of the international information space for terrorist purposes and recognize for this the need for joint, decisive action;
- 2) will seek to develop common approaches to stop the functioning of global media and Internet resources that promote terrorist activities.
- 6. Each state party to this Charter undertakes not to help, not to encourage and counteract the actions of international information terrorism, including misinformation campaigns, using global media and social media.
- 7. The participating States of this Charter undertake to cooperate in the field of information incidents by reporting them and clarifying them to the special Center for Strategic Analysis to Combat Information Terrorism under the UN Security Council.
“Information incident” means the unintended impact of the state on the information environment of the society of the state party to this Charter, which has led to negative consequences.